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MARKETING
In determining the value of cotton samples are drawn from random bale and evaluated according to staple, grade, and character. Staple refers to fibre length. Fibre length can be classified in to three grades i.e. 1) Short staple 2)
Medium staple 3) Long and Extra long staple.

Grade refers to color, brightness, and amount of foreign matter. Color groupings indicate the degree of whiteness. Character refers to the diameter, strength, body, maturity (that is, ratio of mature to immature fibres), uniformity, and smoothness of the fibres.
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COTTON SEED
Once a waste-disposal problem for gins, cottonseed is now a valuable by-product. The seed goes to oil mills, where it is delinted of its linters in an operation similar to ginning. The bare seed is then cracked and the kernel removed. The
meal that remains after the oil has been extracted is high in protein. Linters are used for padding in furniture and automobiles, for absorbent cotton swabs, and for manufacture of many cellulose products such as rayon, plastics, lacquers, and smokeless powder for munitions. The hulls, or husks, are used as feed for cattle. Kernels, or meats, provide cottonseed oil. The cake and meal are used for feed and flour. Foots, the sediment left by cottonseed oil refining, provides fatty acids for industrial products. Also in india cotton seed is directly expelled and cotton seed cake containing oil upto 6% is directly used as a cattle feed. The oil is refind to make it edible.

 
 
PRODUCTION
Cotton is still a principal raw material for the world's textile industry, but its dominant position has been seriously eroded by synthetic fibres. Increased globle production, emergence of synthetics as an alternative to cotton
textiles and improved productivity are mainly contributing for world supply. World demand for cotton continued to be erratic, and some groups lobbied for increased price-supports, but an upward trend began in the 1980s.

World production of cotton in the early 1990s stood at 18.9 million metric tons annually. The leading producers include China, India, USA, Pakistan, Brazil, and Turkey. Cotton textile commands a significant share in exports from India. It accounts for nearly 22% of the total exports.
 
 
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